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Cheaper and without cobalt: Tesla equips its base cars with cheap batteries

from Tobias Stahl The time is 14.11.2021

In the EFAHRER test: Tesla Model Y Long Range

In the future, Tesla plans to equip all base versions of the Model 3 and Model Y-size models with lithium iron phosphate (LFP) batteries. This cheaper cell chemistry was previously reserved for Chinese Tesla models — but since then, new batteries have been criticized time and time again. In the video, you can watch the Tesla Model Y test.

Tesla He wants in his standard versions 3 . model And Y . model Reliance on LFP batteries worldwide in the future. This is what the company said when I submitted a file Quarterly results known last Wednesday.

Lithium iron phosphate batteries have been installed in the Model 3, which comes from the Chinese Gigafactory in Tesla, since the end of 2020. This is a cheaper but also older cell chemistry and works without the critical raw material cobalt. Outside of China, electric vehicle batteries are mostly based on nickel-manganese-cobalt or nickel-cobalt-aluminum.

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LFP batteries have many advantages: they should be Lasts longer than most common lithium-ion batteriesThey are cheaper, have a lower risk of fire and do not require raw materials such as cobalt and nickel, some of which are rare. However, at the same time, LFP batteries should have a lower energy density Sometimes a sharp drop in performance in cold temperatures register.

Zach Kirkorn, Tesla’s chief financial officer, explained during the quarterly results conference call that Tesla’s decision to change the battery was more financial than technical. Accordingly, nickel and aluminum have become more expensive recently.

in one Tesla sub-forum On social news site Reddit, users were not entirely convinced of the malice of Tesla’s decision. One user wrote that Tesla is the only “luxury car maker in the entire visual world that saves costs in every possible angle.” Another wrote that “using this older, cheaper technology will help lower vehicle cost while lowering performance,” which is a good compromise for Tesla “As it travels down the car sector.”

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