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Children's diseases: what are the important vaccinations?

Children’s diseases: what are the important vaccinations?

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Annual programs exist to protect children from serious infectious diseases and potential late effects, but also to prevent regional and national disease outbreaks. STIKO Vaccination Recommendations. The experts on the Permanent Committee on Immunization are part of the Robert Koch Institute, but they work independently and on a voluntary basis. STIKO’s annual vaccination recommendations are based on current research findings and infection rates. These recommendations are carried over to the federal states, where they are published as official vaccination recommendations. STIKO vaccination recommendations are also in Immunization calendar 2022 Clear.

Vaccinations for children: what are the most important?

In the vaccination calendar, STIKO recommends that children be vaccinated as soon as possible. The Children’s first vaccination Reverse rotavirus Can according to the recommendation already Six weeks after giving birth take place.

In the second month of life, babies should receive their first basic immunization against these highly contagious and dangerous diseases as part of the U4 Early Detection Screening:

  • tetanus
  • diphtheria
  • Whooping cough
  • Hib
  • poliomyelitis
  • hepatitis B
  • pneumococcus

The second vaccination Against these childhood diseases The fourth month of life that happens The third and final vaccination is necessary To produce a full vaccination protection must be at a distance Six weeks after the second vaccination take place.

From eleven month old The STIKO children’s vaccination plan recommends the first two vaccinations against Measles, mumps, rubella and chickenpox. Post-vaccination to get full protection from vaccination should be done from the 15th month.

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in old age Between five and six years STIKO’s recommendation applies to one booster vaccination for Tetanus, diphtheria and whooping cough. Regular reinforcements should then be carried out at intervals of about ten years, as vaccination protection diminishes over time.

Effective vaccines against HPV are now available. These pathogens are sexually transmitted and sometimes cause long-term, recurring infections that can lead to cervical, penile, anal, or oral and throat cancers. with the HPV vaccination in old age Between nine and 14 years old It can be effectively protected from HP viruses and the possibility of certain types of cancer can be reduced.

Who pays for vaccinations for children?

In Germany, the costs of childhood vaccinations recommended by STIKO are covered by statutory health insurance companies. The HPV vaccination is also covered by statutory health insurance. The insurance companies pay the costs of vaccination from the contributions of all insured persons. Children’s vaccinations against malaria or other pathogens that are not common in this country can sometimes be covered by health insurance. If you plan to travel long distances to high-risk areas, talk to your family doctor beforehand.

Are there side effects from childhood vaccinations?

As with all medications, active pharmaceutical ingredients, or natural remedies, vaccinations can also have side effects. However, links between vaccinations and the development of autism or other long-term effects, which are often suggested by vaccination skeptical circles, have not been scientifically proven. There is no evidence of a causal relationship between childhood vaccinations and autism, for example. Perhaps the self-aware risk assessment of vaccinating children for some vaccination-skeptical parents stems from the following: Almost all children are vaccinated; However, early childhood illnesses naturally increase. At the same time, there are also pathologies that can be observed only at later stages of children’s development. If the disease occurs shortly before or after vaccination, a direct link to causal immunization is wrongly assumed.

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who – which However, the Robert Koch Institute points out thatNot only are childhood vaccines safe and effective, but modern vaccines are much more effective today. Despite multiple vaccinations, the immune system of infants and children is not overburdened. Many vaccines today contain far fewer antigens than in the past. While there were approximately 3,000 antigens in the pertussis vaccine, there are only 150 antigens in modern pertussis vaccines.

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