“Russia is equipping Soviet-era airfields and radar installations, building new ports and rescue centers, and expanding its fleet of nuclear-powered and conventional avalanches,” said Pentagon spokesman Thomas Campbell. CNN.
According to Campbell, satellite images show that Russia is going too Upgrade its wind and coast guard installations Can respond to attacks and strengthen the security of its parts in the Arctic. That worries Americans.
– Of course, we are watching this very closely. Another Pentagon spokesman, John Kirby, told the DPA that no one was interested in the militarization of the Arctic.
He emphasizes that the United States has security interests in the region, which are very important for the country’s security and “a viable strategic corridor” between Asia, Europe and the United States.
Climate change has led to the melting of ice and the opening up of parts of the region where large amounts of oil and gas are hidden, as well as valuable minerals.
New sea route
The melting of ice in the Arctic could turn the northeast route ice-free, which could have major consequences for shipping between Asia and Europe.
“It can transform a global ship, thus shipping more than 90 percent of all the world’s goods,” Elizabeth Buchanan of Deakin University in Australia told CNN.
However, Russia will control the Northeast route, which the United States does not want and claims violates international shipping agreements.
The United States is also concerned about the Russians’ development of new and advanced weapons systems being tested in the north.
One of the things that worries the Russians the most, the so-called new superviban, is nuclear power. Poseidon 2M39 Torpedo.
Russia is also developing a new type of submarine to carry the 20-meter-long torpedo, and the Belgorod submarine is set to launch in September.
The Pentagon fears that the Poseidon torpedo could disrupt past US defense systems and cause a “radioactive tsunami” that will make large parts of the United States uninhabitable for decades.
Vice Admiral Niles Andreas Stensens, head of the intelligence service in Norway, said the torpedo was straight at the test stage.
“But it’s a strategic weapons system, it can move towards targets, and it has an importance beyond the region it is currently being tested in,” he told CNN.
– This seems to be a fact, says Katarcina Jisk, a professor of defense research in Norway.
According to the Pentagon, Russia has recently conducted successful tests of several new weapons, including the hypersonic cruise missile Zircon, which can be used against maritime targets.
– Zircon has a new technology and hypersonic technology, which makes it harder to protect against, says Stensons.
Russia considers them to have peaceful aims in the Arctic, but also refers to them as the building of the United States and NATO forces in the north.
The United States has discontinued the P-1 launcher Bombers and about 200 soldiers in Orland at Trendeleck And recently held operations east of the Barents Sea.
The nuclear-powered US Sea Wolf submarine appeared outside the Troms last August, which was seen as a clear signal to Moscow, according to security experts, that it was five years since the US Navy finally released a photograph of such a submarine on the surface.
Americans are coming too Upgrade the Globus radar system in Wardo, Is only 50 kilometers from the Russian border, and they have personnel stationed there.
According to the Intelligence Service, the upgraded radar will be used next year to protest Russia, which has its most important military bases on the Kola Peninsula.
– A spokesman for the Russian Foreign Ministry said two years ago that we would take retaliatory measures to strengthen our own security.
What is happening now in the Arctic may be part of these measures.