Allergies or skin irritation from food, clothing, or cosmetics aren’t always responsible for the rash — either Xanthem called – responsible. The following diseases can also cause a rash.
Skin rash as a sign of illness
A rash can appear as a symptom in many diseases and can provide information about the cause in the diagnosis. These are not always diseases that directly and exclusively affect the skin, but also diseases or other areas of the body. The following diseases can be recognized by the rash in many cases.
1. Typical teething problems
- scarlet fever
As the name of this infectious bacterial disease suggests, one of the main symptoms is a red rash that usually appears in the creases of the body. armpitOn the chest or in the groin. Sore throats can also occur in highly contagious disease.
Due to the high risk of infection and rapid spread, there is now one Compulsory vaccination for the measles virus. And rightly so. Because in addition to the characteristic rash with red spots Behind the ears and on the neck The infection often leads to inflammation of the middle ear and lungs, as well as inflammation of the brain (encephalitis) which can be fatal.
This viral disease is caused by a childhood RNA virus and results in a red rash behind the ears It begins and spreads throughout the body as red-brown spots. Fortunately, rubella has almost disappeared in large parts of the world due to high vaccination rates (up to 97 percent).
- chicken pox
This highly contagious disease of childhood can usually be recognized by a typical rash with painful, itchy redness, which is often in the FaceThey appear on the scalp and upper body and spread from there to the rest of the body.
2. Infectious diseases in adults
The teething problems listed above can also affect adults. However, the following infectious diseases are more common in adults:
- herpes zoster
What is chickenpox for children, shingles for adults. Because both diseases are caused by herpes zoster Effects. After childhood chickenpox, you are actually immune for life, but if your immune system is weakened in adulthood – for example due to stress, autoimmune diseases or infections such as HIV – this can lead to a new outbreak. A symptom of shingles is a painful rash in the trunk area, which is accompanied by blisters and redness. Other herpes viruses can also change the appearance of the skin, for example blisters on the lip due to herpes simplex.
Itching can occur on the one hand through direct skin-to-skin contact from one person to another. On the other hand, small pathogens can survive for up to 48 hours on clothing, bed linen, or fleece blankets and from there penetrate a person’s skin. After two to five weeks, the mites provoke scabies, which is characterized by redness, blisters, and small, crooked patches. mite channels It can be recognized on the skin. Severe itching leads to constant scratching which is responsible for the name of the disease.
- Lyme disease
Lyme disease is the most common bacterial infectious disease transmitted by ticks. The typical distinguishing feature is that blush wander A red, often circular rash that forms around the tick bite after a few days or weeks. Although the infection is often asymptomatic, under certain conditions, it can be accompanied by flu-like symptoms such as fatigue, fever as well as muscle and joint pain, after which antibiotic treatment is required.
3. Skin diseases
Because of significant changes in the appearance of the skin, skin diseases are often associated with one stigma linked, which increases the suffering of those affected. However, in contrast to the infectious diseases listed above, the rashes in acne, neurodermatitis and co. are not usually contagious. Typical skin diseases can be caused by autoimmune defects, chronic infections, environmental pollutants, genetic and hormonal aspects. In our advanced articles, you will learn about the causes, symptoms and consequences associated with skin diseases eczemaAnd pink countAnd young love And psoriasis Give.
The diseases mentioned here are of course only part of the possible causes of skin irritation. In addition, there are many other less well-known diseases that can change the appearance of the skin and cause a rash. You can find a great overview, for example, at Ministry of Health website >>
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